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Competence Centre on Foresight

We foster a strategic, future-oriented and anticipatory culture in the EU policymaking process.

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Changing nature of work

New generations entering the workforce and older generations working longer are changing employment, career models, and organisational structures.

Foresight

Digitalisation and hyperconnectivity, new generations entering the workforce and older generations working longer are changing the forms of employment, career models, and organisational structures.

Automation and other advancements in technology have the potential to substitute both routine and cognitive tasks, while increasing the need for new skills and creating unprecedented opportunities.

Developments​ and Forecasts

The digital age is disrupting labour markets and changing skills needs. Technological progress—automation, AI and other emerging technologies—change the nature of work and employment. New work patterns emerge; work is increasingly flexible, decentralised, and knowledge-based, driven by self-fulfillment and increasing entrepreneurial spirit. Digital and socio-emotional skills are increasingly necessary to thrive in the new world of work.

Demographic trends of workforce

Globalisation

Technological progress

Platformisation of work

Non-standard forms of employment on the rise

Impact of shift to circular economy

Other relevant developments for changing nature of work

More developments and forecasts

Potential Implications

Digitalisation and new technologies are fundamentally changing the nature of work, business models, institutions and society as a whole.

Strategies have to be developed to address:

Access to education and training

Fiscal strategies for new forms of work

Economics of the digital revolution

More implications

Indicators

Polarisation in the OECD labour market
Source: OECD, “How technology and globalisation are transforming the labour market”, in OECD Employment Outlook 2017

 

The labour market is polarising
OECD Employment Outlook 2017 (© OECD)

Estimated worldwide operational stock of industrial robots
2016-2017 and forecast for 2018-2021

Source: International Federation of Robotics,
Press Conference, October 2018

 

Estimated worldwide operational stock of industrial robots 2016-2017 and forecast for 2018-2021
Source: International Federation of Robotics, Press Conference, October 2018 (© International Federation of Robotics)

More indicators

Relevant EC Work

Policy papers and projects relevant to changing nature of work

Models relevant to changing nature of work used by the EC

TIM (Tools for Innovation Monitoring) is a tool developed by the EC Joint Research Centre to monitor and better understand the different facets of innovation and technological development.
Use TIM to explore R&I related to Changing nature of work

 

(© JRC, Euroean Commission)

The EMM News Brief, Europe Media Monitoring, is a fully automatic system that analyses both traditional and social media. It gathers and aggregates about 300,000 news articles per day from news portals world-wide in up to 70 languages. 
Use EMM News Brief to explore worldwide news related to Changing nature of work 

 

(© EU, 2018)

More EC work

Other resources

Selected resources relevant to changing nature of work

More resources on this megatrend

Disclaimer: the content presented in this Megatrends Hub does not represent the views of the JRC or those of the EC, nor an endorsement by them.


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