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Knowledge Centre for Bioeconomy

We enhance the knowledge base for policymaking on the bioeconomy.

Topic / Tool | Last updated: 15 Jun 2022


Learn more on EU policies relevant to the bioeconomy: key strategies, legislations and financing instruments in one place!

Brief me

A sustainable bioeconomy for Europe: strengthening the connection between economy, society and the environment

  • The bioeconomy covers all sectors and systems that rely on biological resources (animals, plants, micro-organisms and derived biomass, including organic waste), their functions and principles.
  • It includes and interlinks:
    • land and marine ecosystems and the services they provide;
    • all primary production sectors that use and produce biological resources (agriculture, forestry, fisheries and aquaculture);
    • and all economic and industrial sectors that use biological resources and processes to produce food, feed, bio-based products, energy and services.
  • A bioeconomy strategy for the EU was first published in 2012 and updated in 2018. A report on the progress made in its implementation was published in 2022.
  • Sectorial and horizontal EU policies complement the strategy.
  • Bioeconomy strategies also exist or are being developed in many of the EU Member States and their regions.

Explore further

Bioeconomy Strategy

The EU bioeconomy strategy was updated in 2018. A report on the progress made in its implementation was published in 2022.

Bioeconomy & European Green Deal

The bioeconomy contributes to the goals of the Green Deal.

Bioeconomy & Agriculture Policy

The common agricultural policy makes biomass available at affordable and stable prices and regulates the environmental impact.

Bioeconomy & Forestry Policy

The EU forest strategy defines general principles for producing forestry biomass sustainably.

Bioeconomy & Fisheries Policy

The common fisheries policy (CFP) defines rules for managing fishing fleets and conserving fish stocks.

Bioeconomy & Food Security Policy

The EU bioeconomy policy needs to ensure food security. Food, feed and industrial uses compete for biomass.

Bioeconomy & Biobased Industries Policy

Products wholly or partly produced from biomass are at the heart of industrial policies.

Bioeconomy & Climate Change & Energy Policies

A sustainable and circular EU bioeconomy is crucial to addressing climate objectives.

Bioeconomy & Environment Policy

The bioeconomy depends on well managed biological resources and healthy ecosystems.

Bioeconomy & Circular Economy

The bioeconomy promotes the enhanced use of organic waste and the recycling of biological resources.

Bioeconomy & Smart Specialisation

The EU Member States have Research and Innovation plans & Strategies for Smart Specialisation on Bioeconomy.

Bioeconomy & EU financing instruments

The EU makes available financing instruments for bioeconomy projects.

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