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Discover how the bio-based sectors contribute to the economy of the EU and its Member States!

  • The EU bioeconomy makes up an important part of the total economy in the EU, generating 4.7% of the gross domestic product (GDP) and employing 8.9% of the labour force in the EU-27 in 2017.
  • Having contracted following the 2008 financial crises, the value added of the EU bioeconomy is steadily growing since 2009 and showed a steep rise in 2017 compared to previous years.
  • The steady decline of the people employed in the EU bioeconomy reversed in 2017 when it increased for the first time since 2008.
  • The value added generated per person employed varies greatly among bioeconomy sectors, from EUR 19 thousand in the agricultural to EUR 186 thousand in the bio-based electricity sectors (2015-2017 average).
  • While the labour productivity has generally increased in the EU, the productivity gap between EU Member States is widening.

Find out more in the brief!

Brief on jobs and growth of the EU bioeconomy 2008-2017

Interact with the dashboard to display, analyse and download the data you need!

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Bioeconomy employment and value added: 2017 data - Infographic

View 2017 data on employment and value added for the European bioeconomy in an infographic.

Jobs and wealth in the EU bioeconomy / JRC - Bioeconomics

The JRC - Bioeconomics dataset has been elaborated jointly by JRC and the nova-Institute (nova-Institut für politische und ökologische Innovation GmbH). This database quantifies employment

Jobs and wealth across the EU Member States

Explore the map and compare how value added, turnover and employment of the bio-based sectors vary between countries.

Data portal of agro-economics Modelling - DataM

Access results from the economic analysis of agriculture and sustainable resources conducted by the European Commission and partners.

Economy: more resources

Access multiple resources on the socio-economic aspects of the EU bioeconomy.

Relevant resources

Resources, news and more relevant to this Topic:

DATASET | 04 Jan 2021

Data on labour input in forestry and loggings, expressed in annual working units (Thousand AWU).

One AWU corresponds to the work performed by one person who is occupied...

DATASET | 04 Jan 2021

Data on output and intermediate consumption of products of forestry and loggings (trees, wood, cork, fuel wood, seeds, etc.), expressed in million euros and million units of national...

DATASET | 04 Jan 2021

Data on economic accounts (gross and net value added, rent, investment, capital, etc.) of forestry and loggings, expressed in million euros and million units of national currency...