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Competence Centre on Foresight

We foster a strategic, future-oriented and anticipatory culture in the EU policymaking process.

Page | Last updated: 08 Sep 2020

Migration in Europe



  • Migration increases the size of EU's labour force but has a limited effect on the ratio of dependents to workers. Doubling immigration by 2060 would have similar effect as if immigrants coming at a rate close to current trends were better integrated and participated in the labour force at the same rate as Europeans.
  • The emigration of workers is speeding up ageing and population decline in eastern EU Member States, such as Romania, Latvia and Lithuania. For example, if the current movements that largely target wealthier EU countries, persist, Romania's population could decline by 30 per cent by 2060 (from 19.9 million in 2015 to 13.8 million in 2060).

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