Policy papers and projects
Reflection paper on the Future of European Defence, (2017), European Commission. Sketching the potential future of European Defence in 2025, it outlines three scenarios ranging from basic ad hoc cooperation between Member States, to an ambitious, fully-fledged Common Defence.
White Paper on the Future of Europe, (2017), European Commsion. It offers five scenarios for the Union's evolution.
Achieving a sovereign and trustworthy ICT industry in the EU, 2018, STOA
Building an Effective European Cyber Shield; Time for Europe to take its destiny into its own hands;
Other papers on security and defence, (2017), ESPC.
Global Trends to 2030: Can the EU meet the challenges ahead? ESPAS
European Commission, (2017), Reflection Paper on the future of European Defence - pdf, outlines three different scenarios on how to address the growing threats facing Europe and enhance Europe's own abilities in defence.
Report from the Commission to the European Parliament and to the Council (2017) on the assessment of the risks of money laundering and terrorist financing affecting the internal market and relating to cross-border situations.
EU defence research projects for strengthening the EU defence industry and to ensure Europe's strategic autonomy:
- projects to improve soldiers' equipment: ACAMSII (adaptive camouflage); Gossra (compatibility of complex system elements); Vestlife (ultralight body armour)
- Ocean2020 project supports maritime surveillance and interdiction missions at sea (also integrating drones and unmanned submarines into fleet operations)
eIDAS Observatory, European Commission
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