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Migration and development

Unpacking the relationship between migration and development

Brief me

Migration and development are deeply intertwined. Development can be a driver of migration, granting people access to resources which enable them to move. At the same time, migration can drive development, such as by facilitating a global circulation of skills and remittances. Migration and mobility are key to the EU’s international partnerships and development programmes, in particular its relations with Africa, the European Consensus on Development and the UN Sustainable Development Goals.


  • The drivers of international migration
  • Migration within and from Africa
  • Climate change-induced migration and its adverse consequences on livelihoods, public health, food security and water availability
  • Remittances and diaspora finance


KCMD examines the migration-development nexus through three specific lenses: 

  • Drivers of migration and migration trends, with a particular focus on migration in Africa and youth migration
  • Remittances, their implication for development and the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic 
  • The relationship between climate change and migration, in particular in Africa 

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