Skip to main content

Knowledge Centre on Migration and Demography

Deepening our understanding of opportunities and challenges related to demographic change and migration.

Topic / Tool | Last updated: 03 Jun 2021

Migration and development

Unpacking the relationship between migration and development

Brief me

Migration and development are deeply intertwined. Development can be a driver of migration, granting people access to resources which enable them to move. At the same time, migration can drive development, such as by facilitating a global circulation of skills and remittances. Migration and mobility are key to the EU’s international partnerships and development programmes, in particular its relations with Africa, the European Consensus on Development and the UN Sustainable Development Goals.


  • The drivers of international migration
  • Migration within and from Africa
  • Climate change-induced migration and its adverse consequences on livelihoods, public health, food security and water availability
  • Remittances and diaspora finance


KCMD examines the migration-development nexus through three specific lenses: 

  • Drivers of migration and migration trends, with a particular focus on migration in Africa and youth migration
  • Remittances, their implication for development and the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic 
  • The relationship between climate change and migration, in particular in Africa 

Explore further

A new report supports the EU’s efforts to provide opportunities for young people

A new report from the JRC supports the EU’s efforts to provide opportunities for young people around the world by presenting an overview of international data on youth, which can contribute…

Youth and migration: an overview

In 2019, there were an estimated 1.8 billion people aged 15-29 in the world population. As these people grow up, entering social and economic independence along…

Many more to come? Migration from and within Africa

An analysis of past and present migration patterns from and within Africa and the main drivers explaining African migration flows, including individual characteristics of Africans who prepare to move…

Latest knowledge