The Study on Residential Prosumers in the European Energy Union aims at gathering evidence and data on the drivers, regulatory aspects and economic performance in the area of small scale self-generation...
Why behavioural insights matter
People make numerous decisions around energy consumption. For example, we choose whether to buy a fridge that uses more or less energy, or whether to switch to a green energy contract. In making these decisions, price is just one of the factors we consider, alongside many others (quite often subconsciously).
Behavioural insights can identify these factors and thus improve our understanding of what drives energy-related decisions. For instance
- We make numerous implicit decisions that consume energy, for instance turning on the lights or commuting by car. These involve daily routines and habits whose energy-use is invisible to us.
- We often don’t take the time to assess all the available information when we make energy-related decisions. For example, when choosing an energy contract, our attention is limited, and we rely on information that is simple and salient.
- We save more energy when learning that our neighbours’ use less energy.
- We’re more likely to choose a green energy contract when it's presented to us as the default option.
Understanding these and other behavioural factors contributes to better energy policy.
How behavioural insights can help
Behaviourally-informed energy policy takes note of the relevant factors. For instance
- Social norms and energy conservation
The EU’s energy efficiency directive requires energy bills to include a comparison with an average user. This review of non-price interventions on energy conservation finds that providing social information can significantly reduce consumption.
- Energy labels
A 2015 behavioural study showed that consumers are more likely to choose the most energy efficient appliance when the energy label for electric appliances used a scale ranging from A to G rather than A+++ to D. In 2015, this evidence informed the Commission's proposal to return to the A to G label scale.
- Energy savings from feedback systems: a meta-studies' review (JRC, 2019)
- Consumer study on "Pre-contractual information and billing in the energy market - improved clarity and comparability" (Directorate-General for Justice and Consumers, 2018)
- Study on "Residential Prosumers in the European Energy Union" (Directorate-General for Justice and Consumers, 2017)
- Second consumer market study on the functioning of the retail electricity markets for consumers in the EU(Directorate-General for Justice and Consumers, 2016)
- Effective information measures to promote energy use reduction on EU Member States (JRC Science for Policy Report, 2016)
The 2nd Electricity Market Study investigated electricity market functioning for consumers in the EU, Iceland and Norway. It assessed how market performance has developed...
On 30 November 2016, the European Commission (EC) presented the Energy Union’s “Clean energy for all Europeans” legislative package. This package has three main...