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KNOWLEDGE FOR POLICY

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Publication | 24 January 2022

Investing in rural people in Eritrea

Eritrea is currently recovering from the effects of 30 years of war, which ended with the signing of a peace agreement with Ethiopia in July 2018. In November 2018, the United Nations Security Council lifted sanctions, widening the space for international cooperation. This peace dividend offers Eritrea opportunities to reallocate public resources to its economic and social development, update its development strategies and create jobs for young people. IFAD has been engaged in Eritrea for the past 26 years, investing a total of US$165 million across seven projects. IFAD’s long-term vision for the country is to gradually steer agriculture and the blue economy (fisheries) towards a more commercial, resilient and sustainable pathway. To achieve maximum buy-in, programmes are fully integrated into central and decentralized government structures. Located in the Horn of Africa, on the Red Sea, Eritrea is highly dependent on rainfed agriculture, making it vulnerable to food and nutrition insecurity, a situation that is worsened by periodic droughts.