Models are analytical representations or quantifications of real-world systems, used to make projections or to assess the behaviour of a system under specified conditions.
The European Commission makes extensive use of models to support the whole policy cycle, for example in the ex ante assessment of the environmental, economic, and social impacts of policies; to accompany policy implementation; or for ex post policy evaluation.
The Competence Centre on Modelling (CC-MOD) promotes a responsible, coherent and transparent use of modelling to support the evidence base for EU policies. CC-MOD, launched in 2017, pools the Commission's competencies and best practices in building and using models. CC-MOD further helps identifying common approaches to quality and transparency of model use, and facilitates dialogue between policy makers and modelling teams across the Commission.
CC-MOD carries out the following main activities:
- Corporate Modelling Inventory and Knowledge Management
- Sensitivity Analysis of Models
- Peer Review of Models
- Transparency and Coherence in Science for Policy
- Social Multi-Criteria Evaluation of Policy Options
CC-MOD contributes to the Commission's Better Regulation policy, the Inter-Institutional Agreement on Better Law Making and the Communication on Data, Information and Knowledge Management at the European Commission.