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Projects and activities | 11 October 2019

CLISMABAN - Phenotyping the banana biodiversity to identify climate smart varieties with optimal market potential in Africa and Europe

Brief me

Banana (Musa spp.) is the fourth most important crop in the Least Developed Countries, providing a staple food for more than 400 million people on the planet. It is an important source of income for many small and medium-scaleproducers that needs only limited inputs to ensure harvest. However, harvest yield is still far below its potential for many small holder farmers. In Africa, a high diversity of highland, plantain and dessert bananas is cultivated and the production is mainly aimed at local markets. In contrast, the banana production and import in Europe is limited to only a few varieties. Belgium hosts the world banana collection and has a long history of scientific research and partnerships with European and African scientists. The CLISMABAN (CLImate SMArt BANana) project aims to exploit the existing genetic resources and diversity of banana to select with input from all actors of the banana value chain (consumers, farmers, processors...) the varieties that will be resilient to the constraints that are threatening production because of climate change. To address the increasing demand for food, this project will investigate the potential of some microorganisms to be beneficial for the soil and the productivity of the banana plant. The project will combine top-notch phenotyping technologies to identify the varieties from the collection that fit the established “cahier des charges” and to test the potential benefits of microorganisms on growth of the banana plant. The laboratoryobtained results will be brought to the field in different agro-ecological zones of Kenya, Uganda and Canary Islands for evaluation. Producers and researchers will be trained in different aspects of the banana research to market pipeline to stimulate a better utilization of scientific results in the development of agricultural systems that will meet both the increasing demand for food and the requirement for a sustainable use of land and water that can challenge the climatic evolutions.