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Publication | 2021

Strategic Program for Climate Resilience for Bolivia

This document is submitted to the PPCR Sub-committee by the Plurinational State of Bolivia, for the endorsement of the proposed Strategic Program for Climate Resilience (SPCR) to access concessional funds up to US$110 million (One hundred and ten million dollars) for its implementation.

The SPCR aims to strengthen Bolivia's capacity to define and implement an Integrated River Basin Management (RBM) approach as a structural element for a climate resilience strategy at the central level and in three prioritized sub-basins.

The Program is consistent with the priorities of the National Development Plan and builds on the guidelines outlined by the National Climate Change Adaptation Mechanism for identifying the most vulnerable sectors and systems in the country.

The document consists of two parts. The first describes the current situation of the country and its development context, the greatest climate risks for the development of the country, and recent advances in policies, strategies and programs on adaptation to climate change. The second part describes the foundations that support the Program, its structure and the detailed implementation of its three investment components, including budget and financing, as well as arrangements for its implementation. Finally, as reference, it also includes an extensive bibliography and several annexes, including the report of an external reviewer of the document, whose recommendations have been incorporated to the document.

Specifically, the Strategic Program for Climate Resilience has three components divided as follows:

  • A technical assistance component at the national level that has the following objectives:

    • to strengthen the institutional and technical capacity of institutions responsible for the collection and analysis of hydro-meteorological data to improve access to reliable and timely information for policy-makers, professionals in the field of water and the general public;

    • to use the pilot experiences developed under Components 2 and 3 of the SPCR in the integration of climate resilience in the participatory, integrated planning processes at the river basin level, for its potential application in other basins of the country; as well as laying the foundations for the integration of climate resilience in the planning and investment processes at sectoral and territorial levels;

    • to ensure the overarching coordination and integration at the program level.

  • Two investment components for basins located in different areas of the country that represent 1% and 10% of the land surface of Bolivia while hosting 12% and 30% respectively of the total population, addressing diverse problems related to climate change:

    • a program aimed at increasing the resilience of the water supply system in the metropolitan area of La Paz and El Alto (which is being impacted by glacier withdrawal and would potentially affect 800 000 people) as well as other systems that use this resource, and

    • a program for a mid-elevation and a low-elevation sub-basin of the Rio Grande, aimed at increasing the resilience of food security and agricultural production, other relevant and prioritized production systems, rural livelihoods of poor populations, and natural ecosystem services in 50 000 hectare as (mid elevation sub basin) and 100 000 hectare as (low elevations sub basin), respectively.