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Publication | 31 March 2021

UNICEF Guidance Note Programmatic Approaches to Water Scarcity

Water scarcity is affecting the lives and futures of children. Globally, there are 1.3 billion people – including 450 million children – estimated to be living in areas of high or extremely high water vulnerability.5 Water scarcity has major implications on the life, health, development status, opportunities and futures of children, and their families. Household water supply is threatened in situations where water scarcity leads to competition between water uses – for instance, between urban water use and agricultural water use, or between communities, regions and countries. When access to water is under threat, water scarcity can amplify tension, conflict and displacement, with the poorest and most marginalised suffering the worst consequences. The COVID-19 pandemic has shown the importance of having reliable, sustainable, affordable and safe WASH services for households; all of which are connected to available water resources, now and into the future.

UNICEF Guidance Note Programmatic Approaches to Water Scarcity
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