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Publication | 29 March 2021

Refugees and conflict-affected people: Integrating displaced communities into food systems

Global Food and Nutrition Security

Humanitarian interventions that have the greatest likelihood of success involve investing in local agrifood systems and including conflict-affected people in strategies for building, reviving, or strengthening these systems.


  • More than half of all undernourished people live in countries affected by conflict.
  • Food insecurity and dispossession of agricultural assets can both trigger and result from civil strife.
  • Most conflict-affected countries are overwhelmingly rural, and rural populations are more vulnerable to climate shocks that often compound conflict situations.
  • Refugee host countries must often decide whether to focus responses on preparing affected populations to return home or helping them become economically self-reliant.
  • Integrating conflict-affected people into food systems— either in their new homes or the places they fled—can help them rebuild their lives.