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Publication | 2021

Monitoring report on the impacts of COVID-19 in West Africa

This document analyses the evolution of the impact of COVID-19 in the ECOWAS zone. It helps provide an understanding of the overall socio-economic impact of the pandemic and its effects on the life of households, and identifies avenues for a lasting solution to the damage caused by the crisis. As of 30 July 2021, the epidemiological situation of COVID19 in West Africa stood at 513,946 confirmed cases and 6,710 deaths. The sub-region accounts for 10.6% of all confirmed cases in Africa, down from 13.6% in 2020. The current context of the pandemic is characterized by the relaxation of social and preventive measures and the continuation of vaccination in the different ECOWAS countries. Indeed, 67% of the households surveyed say that the restrictive measures have been fully lifted. However, with the appearance of new variants, some countries have maintained certain measures such as extending the state of health emergency. Economically and financially, the ECOWAS Member States have implemented actions to mobilize resources from the international community to support the most vulnerable populations and to promote economic recovery. For instance, by July 2021, the West African Health Organization (WAHO), which is coordinating the regional health response to the pandemic in close collaboration with the ECOWAS Commission and Member States, has mobilized nearly USD 38 million from the planned allocation, USD 8 million (or 21%) of which was mobilized internally by WAHO and at the ECOWAS Commission, while USD 30 million (or 79%) came from funding received externally and funding commitments from partners. In response to Member States’ request for targeted support for specific COVID-19 response efforts, WAHO has given approximately USD 1.109 million to 15 countries for identified areas of need, such as the deployment of rapid response teams and overseas medical personnel, staff training, or the purchase of equipment such as thermal cameras or intensive care unit equipment. To support the most vulnerable populations, Member States have set up programmes for food distribution, money transfers and reducing electricity and water bills.