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Publication | 11 October 2019

KC-FNS Agroecology Brief

Global Food and Nutrition Security

Agroecology designs sustainable agroecosystems. Ecosystem services functional to crop growth (e.g. soil quality, pollination, natural pest control) are maximised through appropriate resource management and farming practices. The use of external inputs is reduced to the minimum or eliminated. The nutrient cycle is closed at the farm gate.

Agroecology has the unique comparative advantage to avoid incurring into negative externalities (to air, biodiversity, soil, and water) linked to specialisation, simplification of farmland, intensification and mechanisation. Moreover, it can be a vector of improved socio-economic resilience for rural communities.

Agroecology is an approach to design nature-based solutions and manage agroecosystems that is based on natural processes, and applies ecological concepts and principles. Such design addresses the whole agroecosystem in all its aspects, jointly: soil, water, trophic chains of plants, pests and their predators, biogeochemical cycles, etc..