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Knowledge for policy

Supporting policy with scientific evidence

We mobilise people and resources to create, curate, make sense of and use knowledge to inform policymaking across Europe.


Fossil CO2 & GHG emissions of all world countries


Part of the Paris Agreement is the implementation of a transparency framework to be implemented bottom-up based on the national GHG emission inventories of all Parties reported to the UNFCCC. In addition, 5-yearly global stocktakes are planned from 2023 onwards to monitor emission trends and the efforts of the individual Parties. Reported inventories however neither cover the entire globe, nor the entire time period.

The Commission’s in-house Emissions Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR) estimates anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions for all world countries thereby contributing to enhanced transparency and completing the global picture with time series for each country from 1970 to 2016 for CO2 and until 2012 for the other GHGs. These data provide scientific estimates of GHG emissions for the different Parties and support the role of the European Commission in the climate negotiations at the 23rd Conference of Parties.

Key conclusions

EDGARv4.3.2 is a comprehensive database of anthropogenic emission time series from 1970 until 2016 for CO2 and until 2012 for the other GHGs. All human activities, except large-scale biomass burning and land use, land-use change and forestry are included and the IPCC sectoral classification is used.

Fossil CO2 & GHG emissions of all world countries
(19.49 MB - pdf)