Globally, pests (invertebrates, vertebrates, pathogens, weeds) can cause estimated annual losses of between 20-40%, but higher losses are disproportionately experienced by many low-income...
This brief looks at food system innovations and digital technologies as important drivers of productivity growth and improved food and nutrition security. The analysis emphasizes a mix of research feasibility and technology-enabling policy factors necessary to realize pro-poor benefits, including genome editing bio-innovations, and digital technologies (remote sensing, connected sensors, artificial intelligence, digital advisory services, digital financial services, and e-commerce).
The analysis points to the need to close critical gaps in R&D investments, capabilities, and enabling policies as well as regulations to accelerate the scaling and adoption of innovations.
At the global level, the engagement of low-and middle-income countries with global players should be facilitated so as to strengthen intellectual property (IP) access and management of innovations; and North–South, South–South, and triangular cooperation should be promoted to strengthen LMICs’ regulatory capabilities.
At the national level, countries need:
- to invest in science-based participatory approaches to identify and adapt technologies to local conditions;
- close regulatory gaps through evidence-based frameworks that enable the rapid development, deployment, and safe use of innovations;
- close institutional and human capacity gaps by addressing limitations in institutional capacities and coordination, while training a new generation of scientists with the skills needed to develop and deliver innovations;
- develop an understanding of political economy factors for a nuanced knowledge of actors’ agendas to better inform communications and address technology hesitancy;
- close digital infrastructure gaps in rural areas by promoting simultaneous investments in digital infrastructure and electrification, reducing data costs, and improving digital literacy; and
- develop sustainable business models for digital service providers to help them achieve profitability, interoperability, and scale to reach a sustainable critical mass, and thus facilitate the adoption of food systems innovations.
In Africa, food systems transformation is required to ensure adequate incomes for producers and enable access to affordable, healthy diets while managing increasing food demand...
Data on business enterprise expenditure on R&D by economic activity (NACE Rev. 2), expressed in euro per inhabitant, million euro, million units of national currency, purchasing...