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Publication | 5 January 2021

El Salvador: Acute Food Insecurity Situation November 2020 - February 2021 and Projections for March to May 2021 and June to August 2021

Global Food and Nutrition Security

During the current period from November 2020 to February 2021, 684,000 people (10% of the analysed population) are facing high levels of acute food insecurity (IPC Phase 3 or above) and require urgent action to save lives and livelihoods. Of these people, 589,000 are classified in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) and 95,000 in Emergency (IPC Phase 4). The worst affected department is Ahuachapán which is classified in Crisis (IPC Phase 3), while the rest of the country's departments have been classified in Stressed (IPC Phase 2). The worst affected populations are those who depend on agricultural and livestock activities, work in the informal sector and own small businesses. These groups have experienced income losses due to mobility and transportation restrictions due to the COVID-19 pandemic, and had to resort to using Crisis or Emergency coping strategies to address food gaps, such as the sale of productive assets. The economic effects of COVID-19 have been counteracted by national and international humanitarian aid given between April and June 2020, which helped avoid a more severe food insecurity situation in this period. 

During the first projection period from March to May 2021, the population classified in IPC Phase 3 and above is expected to increase to 985,000 people, and again in the second projection period (between June and August 2021) to 1.04 million people. In both projection periods, the departments of Ahuachapán, La Unión and San Miguel will likely be classified in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) while the rest of the departments are expected to be classified in Stressed (IPC Phase 2).