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Knowledge4Policy
KNOWLEDGE FOR POLICY

Supporting policy with scientific evidence

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Publication | 2022

Dietary Diversity, Nutrition and Food Safety

India is faced with a triple burden of malnutrition, viz., under-nutrition, micronutrient deficiency and over-nutrition. In 2017, about 68.2% of the total death of children under-5, was due to malnutrition in India (LANCET, 2019). The prevalence of stunting among children under-5 was high at 34.7% during 2016–18 (MoHFW, 2019). The body mass index of 23% of women aged 14–49 was below normal in 2015–16 (NFHS, 2017). Moreover, two-thirds of India’s population is estimated to be micronutrient deficient (Rao et al., 2018), which exists despite impressive economic growth (6% in 2018–19), a high level of food grain production and an increase in per capita net availability of food grains (GoI 2020). However, there has been a significant decline in the percentage of the population below the poverty line (Tendulkar method) from 37.2% in 2004–05 to 21.9% in 2011–12 (GoI, 2013).