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Publication | 13 May 2019

Changing food systems for better nutrition

Global Food and Nutrition Security

Food systems are well placed to influence food production and the consumption patterns of nutritious foods necessary for a healthy and active live. The present food systems have evolved to become more complex and global with longer supply chains from farm to fork. Agriculture affects or could affect nutrition outcomes through different pathways and thus in varying degrees. Nutrition-sensitive agriculture aims to maximize the impact of the food and agricultural sector on nutrition outcomes while minimizing any unintended negative nutritional consequences of agricultural policies and interventions on the value chain that influence from farmers to consumers. It is placing a nutrition lens on the food and agricultural sector, without detracting from the sector’s own goals which include production, productivity and income.

Applying a nutrition lens to agriculture and food systems should include a consistent focus on nutritional outcomes and indicators within national food and agricultural policies and programmes, and the broader macroeconomic policies and development strategies. The aim should be to sustainably improve food and nutrition security and combat the multiple burden of malnutrition through food and agriculture, and other relevant sectors. Although there is wide agreement on the great potential for agriculture and the food system to improve nutrition, at present there are limited experiences with this approach at scale and insufficient existence of rigorously supported evidence-based technical recommendations to inform policy makers. There is also little documented evidence on the factors and policy processes that contribute to better coordination with the agricultural sector, and those that prevent it from happening in practice.

Therefore, there is a need to better understand how food systems impact nutrition outcomes and agricultural systems in particular. There is need to identify whether and how these systems can be modified to better meet nutrition goals in a sustainable way and reduce the risk of the multiple burden of malnutrition, including diet-related non communicable diseases, while still reaching their important goals of productivity and income generation.