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Publication | 3 March 2020

Angola: Acute Food Insecurity Situation July - September 2019 and Projection for October 2019 - February 2020

In the current period (July to September 2019), about 422,000 people are classified in IPC Phase 3 (Crisis) and 4 (Emergency). Households in these phases are facing difficulties in accessing food or are only able to meet their minimum food needs through Crisis and Emergency coping strategies.

In the projection period (October 2019 to February 2020), it is estimated that about 562,000 people will be in IPC Phases 3 and 4, and households will face difficulties in accessing food or will only be able to meet their minimum food needs through Crisis and Emergency coping strategies.

The southern part of Angola, where the three provinces analysed (Cuando Cubango, Cunene and Huila) are located, was severely affected by the drought, driving the current situation of acute food insecurity. As a result, poor agricultural production, loss of animals, water scarcity for human consumption and watering of livestock, loss of assets, displacement of people and animals have affected livelihoods.

In the projection period, it is estimated that more than half of the population (562,000) will be in Crisis or Emergency (IPC Phases 3 and 4) from October 2019. These people will need a combination of urgent interventions such as food assistance, distribution of agricultural inputs and drilling of multi-use water holes. These should be linked to medium- and long-term interventions aimed at decreasing the high chronic vulnerability seen in Angola.

The severe food insecurity is expected to extend until the end of February 2020, with an increase of around 72,000 people in Crisis (Phase 3), as well as an additional 68,000 in Emergency (Phase 4) during the projection period, if there is no timely intervention.