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Publication | 2023

Activities of the United Nations Office for West Africa and the Sahel


The humanitarian situation, especially in the central Sahel, remained dire and was compounded by rising food and energy prices, as well as climate–related disasters, prompted by heavy rainfall, floods and water pollution.

The humanitarian situation remained dire across the region, as instability, violence, forced displacement and food insecurity exacerbated already high levels of vulnerability, notably in the Sahel.

According to the International Monetary Fund, overall economic growth in the subregion is declining, interrupting the socioeconomic recovery post –coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic. Rising food and energy prices, including owing to the impact of the armed conflict in Ukraine, are particularly affecting vulnerable segments of society.

The food crisis in the Sahel was compounded by shortages of wheat and fertilizer as a result of the conflict in Ukraine, regional insecurity and the growing impact of climate change. Over 18.6 million people are experiencing severe food insecurity, which is 5.6 million more than in the last reporting period, with Burkina Faso, the Niger and Nigeria being the hardest hit. This includes 2.1 million people experiencing emergency levels of food insecurity.