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UN Sustainable Development Goals: reducing forms of inequalities

While all UN Sustainable Development Goals aim reducing different forms of inequalities, Goal 10: Reduce inequality within and among countries specifically requests countries...

While all UN Sustainable Development Goals aim reducing different forms of inequalities, Goal 10: Reduce inequality within and among countries specifically requests countries that:

  • By 2030, progressively achieve and sustain income growth of the bottom 40% of the population at a rate higher than the national average.
  • By 2030, empower and promote the social, economic and political inclusion of all, irrespective of age, sex, disability, race, ethnicity, origin, religion or economic or other status.
  • Ensure equal opportunity and reduce inequalities of outcome, including by eliminating discriminatory laws, policies and practices and promoting appropriate legislation, policies and action in this regard.
  • Adopt policies, especially fiscal, wage and social protection policies, and progressively achieve greater equality.
  • Improve the regulation and monitoring of global financial markets and institutions and strengthen the implementation of such regulations.
  • Ensure enhanced representation and voice for developing countries in decision-making in global international economic and financial institutions in order to deliver more effective, credible, accountable and legitimate institutions.
  • Facilitate orderly, safe, regular and responsible migration and mobility of people, including through the implementation of planned and well-managed migration policies.
  • Implement the principle of special and differential treatment for developing countries, in particular least developed countries, in accordance with World Trade Organization agreements.
  • Encourage official development assistance and financial flows, including foreign direct investment, to States where the need is greatest, in particular least developed countries, African countries, small island developing States and landlocked developing countries, in accordance with their national plans and programmes.
  • By 2030, reduce to less than 3% the transaction costs of migrant remittances and eliminate remittance corridors with costs higher than 5%.

Other SDGs that are specifically targeting reducing different inequality include:

Goal 1: end poverty in all its forms everywhere requests that by 2030, extreme poverty (people living on less than $1.25/day (revised to $1.90/day) be eradicated everywhere and poverty be at least halved, social protection systems be implemented for all, equal rights to resources and services be assured to all people, and resilience to natural disasters be improved (mainly for the most vulnerable).

Goal 3: ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages targets achieving universal health coverage by 2030.

Goal 4: ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all.

Goal 5: achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls.

Goal 6: ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all.

Goal 7: ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all.

Goal 8: promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all.