Skip to main content
Knowledge Service

AI Watch

Monitor the development, uptake and impact of Artificial Intelligence for Europe

Page

National strategies on Artificial Intelligence

This on-line report presents information on all EU Member States' national AI strategies in a structured and comprehensive way.

AI Watch

National strategies on Artificial Intelligence: A European perspective, 2021 edition

A European-centred approach to AI is essential to make the most of the opportunities from this transformation and to address its challenges. The recently published 2021 review of the Coordinated Plan on AI sets concrete proposals and recommendations for further joint actions between the EU and Member States in order to strengthen EU’s competitiveness in the global AI landscape.

The review of national strategies is one of the tasks of AI Watch launched by the European Commission to support the implementation of the Coordinated Plan on AI. Building on the 2020 AI Watch review of national strategies, this report presents an updated review of national AI strategies from the EU Member States, Norway and Switzerland.

By June 2021, 20 Member States and Norway have published their national AI strategies, while 7 Member States are in the final drafting phase. Since the 2020 release of the AI Watch report, additional Member States - i.e. Bulgaria, Hungary, Poland, Slovenia, and Spain - published their strategies, while Cyprus, Finland and Germany have revised their initial strategies.

This report provides an overview of national AI policies according to the following policy areas: Human capital, From the lab to the market, Networking, Regulation, and Infrastructure. It also includes a section on AI policies to address societal challenges of the COVID-19 pandemic and climate change.

Webinar: National AI strategies in Europe

On 22 June 2021, as part of the OECD’s and the European Commission’s (EC) joint efforts on global monitoring and analysis of Artificial Intelligence developments, a webinar was held. The collaboration focuses on supplying accessible, consistent, and up-to-date information to stakeholders through the OECD AI Policy Observatory and the Commission’s knowledge service to monitor the development, uptake and impact of AI in Europe, AI Watch.

The webinar introduced the updated AI Watch "National Strategies on Artificial Intelligence: A European Perspective"  report and the OECD 'State of Implementation of the OECD AI Principles: Insights from National AI Policies' report on national AI policies. It also presented the new initiatives and features on the EC-OECD database of national AI strategies and policies.

View the recordings of the webinar


Read the AI Watch 2021 report

The collection of AI policies is conducted jointly by the European Commission’s Joint Research Centre (JRC) and the OECD Digital Economy Policy Division, while the analyses presented in this report are carried out by the JRC, with contributions from the OECD. Both institutions joined forces to ensure that the AI Watch and the OECD AI Policy Observatory provide harmonised and up to date information. This report is informed by the EC-OECD database of national AI policies, validated by Member States’ representatives, and it demonstrates the importance of working closely with relevant stakeholders to share lessons learned, good practices and challenges when shaping AI policies.

We warmly welcome any feedback you might have on the report or the country chapters listed below. Please write us using the:

AI Watch Report feedback form 

or contact us at EC-AI-WATCH@ec.europa.eu indicating National strategies on Artificial Intelligence: A European perspective – 2021 edition in the subject.

 


AI policies by country

This web page contains the country chapters for the EU Member States, Norway and Switzerland with detailed information about policies identified in their national AI strategies. The collection of AI policies is conducted jointly by the European Commission’s Joint Research Centre (JRC) and the OECD Digital Economy Policy Division. OECD and AI Watch have exchanged content for publication on their respective platforms.


Previous Editions

A previous edition of the report on National strategies on Artificial Intelligence: A European perspective has been published in 2020. It provides an overview on the status and implementation of national AI strategies in EU Member States up to March 2020.  

Last Update: 09-Jul-2021